What is fasting?
Fasting is a means to mourn before the Lord and petition Him on behalf of yourself and others because of sin or oppression (demonic or human), or pending judgment.
When should you fast?
1. When you mourn over/for the life of another (due to illness, life circumstances, etc.) (2 Samuel 1:1-16, 12:16-23; Psalm 35:11-14).
2. When your heart mourns over the sin-filled state of the people (1 Samuel 7:3-17; Nehemiah 9-10; Isaiah 58:1-14; Daniel 9:1-23; Joel 2:12-27; Jonah 3:1-10).
3. To avert pending wrath or punishment of God for disobedience (1 Kings 21:17-29; Jonah 3:1-10).
4. To cast out certain demons (Matthew 17:14-21).
5. To seek help from the Lord (2 Chronicles 20:1-30).
6. To gain greater understanding and insight from the Lord (Daniel 10:1-14).
Personal Responsibilities in Fasting
1. No eating or drinking (completely or partially). Sometimes the Lord will provide specific guidance and timelines.
2. Call urgently upon the Lord (Daniel 9:1-9).
3. Repent and turn from sinfulness (Nehemiah 9:2; Isaiah 58:3-4; Jonah 3:8).
4. Humble yourself before God and man (Daniel 10:12; Isaiah 58:5).
5. Engage in good works (Isaiah 58:6-7).
6. Do not appear to others to be fasting. Fast in secret (Matthew 6:16-18).
7. Abstain from sexual intercourse (1 Corinthians 7:1-5).