Genesis 9:20-27– And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s nakedness. And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him. And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the Lord God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
Ham’s inappropriate actions caused him and his descendants to be cursed and be servants to his brethren (the descendants of Shem and Japheth). Within the line of Ham is Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 10:19), which was destroyed due to its wickedness of the men (Genesis 13:13). Sodom and Gomorrah is used as a symbol of wickedness throughout the Bible (Matthew 11:20-24; 2 Peter 2:1-10; Jude 1:3-8). From Canaan (of Ham’s descendants), their land would be given to the Lord’s chosen, the people of Israel as their Promised Land (Genesis 12:5-7; Exodus 23:23-30).